Hypoglycemia, also called low blood sugar, is a condition that happens when the body's blood sugar levels are too low. A normal blood sugar level is 70-100 mg/dL. A blood sugar level below 70 mg/dl is considered low. Hypoglycemia can happen to anyone who has diabetes. It is a serious condition that can lead to seizures, coma, or death if not treated right away.
What are the symptoms of hypoglycemia?
The symptoms of hypoglycemia can vary from person to person. They may be mild or severe and can come on suddenly or gradually. Symptoms may include:
- Feeling shaky
- Palpitations (heart racing)
- Dizziness or lightheadedness
- Weakness or tiredness
- Blurred vision
If you have any of these symptoms, it's important to check your blood sugar levels right away. You can do this with a portable glucose meter.
What are the causes of hypoglycemia?
The most common cause of hypoglycemia is an imbalance between the amount of insulin in your body and the amount of sugar (glucose) in your blood. Insulin is a hormone that helps move glucose from your blood into your cells to be used for energy. If you have too much insulin or not enough sugar, your blood sugar level can drop too low.
Other causes of hypoglycemia include:
- Not eating enough or skipping meals
- Eating more than usual
- Eating too much carbohydrate
- More physical activity than usual
- Drinking alcohol
- Certain medications, such as insulin or other diabetes medications, beta-blockers, and antipsychotics.
How is hypoglycemia treated?
The most important treatment for hypoglycemia is to raise your blood sugar level. This can be done by eating or drinking sugary foods or drinks, such as hard candy, fruit juice, honey, soda, or milk. If you are unable to eat or drink, you may need an injection of glucagon, a hormone that raises blood sugar levels. Glucagon is a hormone that raises blood sugar levels.
What are the complications of hypoglycemia?
Hypoglycemia can lead to a number of complications, including:
- Brain damage
If you experience any of these complications, it is important to seek medical help immediately. Hypoglycemia can be a life-threatening condition if not treated promptly.
How can hypoglycemia be prevented?
There are a number of things you can do to prevent hypoglycemia:
- Check your blood sugar levels regularly.
- Keep track of your insulin doses and sugar intake.
- Eat regular meals and snacks.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Exercise regularly.
- Wear a medical alert bracelet or necklace.
- Carry sugar packets, hard candy, or glucose tablets with you in case of low blood sugar.
Hypoglycemia is a serious condition that can lead to seizures, coma, or death if not treated right away. Symptoms of hypoglycemia can vary from person to person and may be mild or severe. The most important treatment for hypoglycemia is to raise your blood sugar level. This can be done by eating or drinking sugary foods or drinks, such as hard candy, fruit juice, honey, soda, or milk. If you are unable to eat or drink, you may need an injection of glucagon. Hypoglycemia can be prevented with proper care