Table of Contents


Vitiligo is an autoimmune skin disorder that causes the loss of skin colour in patches. It can affect any part of the body but is most noticeable on the face, hands, and arms. 

Vitiligo can be a difficult condition to deal with emotionally, so it's important to seek support from family and friends. If you have vitiligo, there are many ways to cope with the condition and feel comfortable in your skin.

What is vitiligo?

Vitiligo is a disorder in which the skin loses its pigment cells (melanocytes). This can happen in patches anywhere on the body and can affect any race or skin type. Vitiligo usually starts as one or more pale patches of skin that spread and become larger over time. Sometimes these patches can grow together and cover large areas of the skin. The hair from your head, eyebrows, eyelashes, and body may also lose colour.

Vitiligo can affect any area of your body, but it most often affects the face, hands, arms, feet, and genital small area. Vitiligo may occur in people of any age, but it most often affects adults between the ages of 20 and 30. The condition is more common in women than men, and it is more common in most people of African and Asian descent than in people of other races.

Worldwide about 3% people are affected by Vitiligo whereas in India the percentage is about 9%.  

What are the types of vitiligo?

There are three main types of vitiligo: segmental, non-segmental, and mixed.

  • Non-segmental vitiligo – This is the most common type of vitiligo, and it affects both sides of the body equally.
  • Segmental vitiligo – This type of vitiligo affects only one side of the body.
  • Mixed vitiligo – This vitiligo includes both non-segmental vitiligo and segmental vitiligo.

Non-segmental vitiligo is further divided into two subtypes:

  • Generalized vitiligo – This affects more than one area of the body.
  • Focal vitiligo – This affects a single area of the body.

What causes vitiligo?

Vitiligo is caused by the lack of a pigment called melanin in the skin. Melanin is produced by skin cells called melanocytes, and it gives your skin its colour. In vitiligo, there are not enough working melanocytes to produce enough melanin in your skin. This causes discoloured white patches to appear on the skin. The lack of melanin in your skin can turn the hair in the affected area white or grey.

There is no one definitive answer to this question as the cause of vitiligo can be multifaceted. Potential causes include autoimmune disease, genetic predisposition, sun damage, stress, food and lifestyle habits etc. Some experts believe that vitiligo may be caused by a combination of these factors.

Autoimmune disease occurs when the body's immune system mistakenly attacks healthy tissue. This could be a potential cause of vitiligo as the body's immune system may mistake melanocytes (pigment cells) for being unhealthy and attack them. A genetic predisposition means that certain individuals may be more likely to develop vitiligo due to their family history or genetic makeup. Sun damage is another possible trigger for vitiligo as the ultraviolet rays from the sun can damage melanocytes and lead to their death. Stress is also thought to be a possible trigger for vitiligo as it can weaken the immune system and make individuals more susceptible to developing the condition.

While the exact cause of vitiligo is still unknown, research suggests that it may be caused by a combination of these factors. If you are concerned that you have vitiligo or may be at risk for developing vitiligo, or need natural alternatives to deal with existing vitiligo, speak with our team of Vitiligo experts on our number 7030288008 during the office hours. They can help to assess your individual risk factors and provide guidance on how to best protect your skin.

Experts don't know exactly what causes vitiligo, but they do have theories. Some think it's an autoimmune disorder, and that the immune system is mistakenly attacking healthy melanocytes. Others think it's genetic. Scientists do know that the risk of developing vitiligo increases in people with a family history, thyroid disease, diabetes, hypertension, mental stress and certain conditions like alopecia (an autoimmune disease that causes hair loss). This results in the loss of skin colour in the patches. So in autoimmune conditions, the immune system does not work properly.

There are many treatments available for Vitiligo to help restore skin colour. These vitiligo treatments include natural vitiligo creams and ointments, steroid creams and ointments, UV light therapy, surgery, food supplements etc. While steroid cream and ointment may provide temporary colouration, the vitiligo patches may resurface or increase during and after stopping the use. Surgery is an expensive but not 100% reliable option in all cases and many users have reported the discolouration again after a few months/years. Natural alternatives in combination with UV light therapy have more reliable and long term results, though not guaranteed. Many users have reported a gradual reduction of white and discoloured vitiligo patches and no recurrences when they used natural alternatives, UVB therapy and managed vitiligo triggers consistently. Unfortunately, there is no quick fix for vitiligo even with natural alternatives too. It normally requires a user to consistently use these natural alternatives for extended time periods. The natural alternatives are claimed to work on the root cause of Vitiligo, but due to very slow visible results, often users lose patience and stop using them. Unfortunately, there are also no large scale conclusive studies done which can prove the effectiveness of these treatments.


What food causes vitiligo?

There is no clear evidence that specific foods can cause vitiligo, but some people believe that certain foods may trigger conditions. Again, this may change from person to person and the food triggers can be different for different people. If you think that a particular food may be causing your vitiligo, try avoiding that food and see if your skin symptoms improve.

What is the main cause of vitiligo?


What are the symptoms of vitiligo?

The most obvious symptom of vitiligo is the loss of skin colour in patches. The extent and rate of colour loss from vitiligo are different for every individual. Some people only experience a few small patches of discolouration, while others may lose much more skin colour. In some cases, vitiligo can cause a complete loss of skin colour.

The most common symptom of vitiligo is the appearance of white patches on the skin. These patches are usually first noticed on sun-exposed areas, such as the face, neck, and hands. The patches may also be seen on the mucous membranes (such as the inside of the mouth or nose) or on the eyes.

Other symptoms of vitiligo include:

* Loss of colour in the tissues that line the inside of the mouth (mucous membranes)

* Loss of colour in the retina (inner layer of the eye that senses light)

* Premature greying of the hair on your scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows, or beard

* Loss of colour in the inner ear

Vitiligo can affect anyone, but it is more noticeable in people with dark skin. The patches can occur on any part of the body, but they are most often seen in sun-exposed areas.

What are the risk factors for vitiligo?

There are several risk factors that may increase your chances of developing vitiligo, including:

  • Family history: If you have a family member with vitiligo, you may be at an increased risk of developing the condition.
  • Autoimmune diseases: People with autoimmune diseases such as thyroid disease, diabetes, hypertension, mental stress, and Addison's disease are more likely to develop vitiligo.
  • Skin trauma: Trauma to the skin (such as a cut, burn, or scratch) may trigger the development of vitiligo in some people.

What are the treatments for vitiligo?

There are treatments that can help to improve the appearance of the skin.

Options include:

  • Topical medications: These can be applied directly to the affected area and may help to restore some color to the skin.
  • Light therapy: Also known as phototherapy, this treatment involves exposing the skin to controlled amounts of ultraviolet light.
  • Skin grafting: In this procedure, healthy skin from another area of the body is transplanted to the affected area.
  • Depigmentation: This treatment involves removing all of the pigment from the skin, which can help to even out the appearance of vitiligo.

How is vitiligo treated?

There is no cure for vitiligo, but treatments are available to improve the appearance of your skin. These include topical creams, UV light therapy, and surgery. Most people find that self-care measures, such as using sunscreen and avoiding sun exposure, can also help improve the appearance of your skin. So it is important to seek treatment from a dermatologist if you have vitiligo.


How do you test for vitiligo?

There is no definitive test for vitiligo. A doctor will likely make a diagnosis based on the physical examination of your skin and medical treatment history. This some cases, a skin biopsy may be necessary to rule out other conditions. A biopsy is a procedure in which a small sample of your skin is removed and examined under a microscope.


Do I need to see a doctor for vitiligo?

Yes, you should see a doctor if you have vitiligo. Vitiligo is a condition that can be hard to manage on your own, and a doctor can help you find the best way to treat it. There is no cure for vitiligo, but there are treatments that can help improve the appearance of your skin.


Is vitiligo a serious disease?

Vitiligo is not a serious medical condition, but it can be a very distressing one. The main symptom of vitiligo is the loss of skin color in patches. Vitiligo can occur on any part of the body, but most often appears on the face, neck, hands, and arms. The affected skin may be lighter or darker than the surrounding skin, and the borders of the affected areas may be irregular. Vitiligo can also affect hair, causing it to turn white.

While vitiligo is not a life-threatening condition, it can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. The condition can cause emotional distress and anxiety and can make a person feel self-conscious and isolated. There is no cure for vitiligo, but treatments are available that can help to restore some of the lost skin colors.


What happens if you leave vitiligo untreated?

If vitiligo is left untreated, the affected areas of your skin will continue the skin to lose natural color. The white patches are may spread and become more noticeable. In some cases, skin hair on the large area may also turn white. This may lead to psychological stress and social problems. People with vitiligo should seek treatment to prevent these problems.


Can vitiligo go away?

There are no cures for vitiligo, but in some cases, the white patches may go away on their own. If you have vitiligo, it's important to seek treatment from a dermatologist to help improve the appearance of your skin. There are also self-care measures you can take, such as using sunscreen and avoiding sun exposure, to help keep skin looking its best.


Can white people get vitiligo?

Vitiligo can affect people of any skin color. While it is more prevalent in those with darker skin, it can occur in anyone. There are many factors that may contribute to the development of vitiligo, including genetics and autoimmune disorders. Treatment for vitiligo typically focuses on lightening the affected skin, which can achieve through a variety of methods. If you are concerned about whether or not you could develop vitiligo, it is best to speak with your skin doctor.


At what age does vitiligo start?

There is no one definitive answer to this question as vitiligo can start at any age. However, it is most commonly diagnosed in people aged 10-30. Most people may not even develop symptoms until much later in life. In rare cases, vitiligo can even develop in infants.

The average before age of vitiligo onset is 20 years, but it can occur at any age. Children as young as 2 years and adults as old as 80 years have developed vitiligo.


What is the impact of vitiligo on self-esteem?

Vitiligo can have a significant impact on a person’s self-esteem. The condition can cause feelings of insecurity, anxiety, and depression. People with vitiligo may feel like they are different from others or that they are not attractive. Vitiligo can also make people feel isolated and alone. Treatment can help to improve the appearance of the skin and may help to improve low self-esteem. If you are struggling with your self-esteem, it is important to talk to a therapist who can help you manage your feelings. Vitiligo skin conditions can have a significant impact on a person’s quality of life. If you think you may have vitiligo, it is important to see a dermatologist for an accurate diagnosis and treatment plan.


What are mucous membranes?

Mucous membranes are the moist linings of certain body cavities, such as the mouth, nose, and eyes. They produce mucus, a thick, sticky substance that helps to keep these areas lubricated and protected from invading bacteria and viruses. Mucous membranes can be found throughout the body, but they are most prevalent in the nose, mouth, and eyes. They can also be found in the urinary and reproductive tracts.

Mucous membranes are made up of a variety of skin cells, including mucus-secreting cells, ciliated cells, and goblet cells. Mucus is produced by the mucous-secreting cells and helps to keep the mucous membranes lubricated. Ciliated cells called are covered in tiny, hairlike projections called cilia. These cilia help to move mucus and other fluids through your body and Goblet cells produce mucus that helps to trap bacteria and viruses.


What is skin grafting?

Skin grafting is a surgical procedure in which the skin is removed from one small area of your body and transplanted to another. This can be done for a variety of reasons, including to replace damaged or diseased skin, to cover scarring, or to improve the appearance of your skin.



What Is Vitiligo? Vitiligo is a loss of skin pigment that causes white spots or patches to appear on the skin. Vitiligo is skin long-term condition that causes patches of the skin to lose natural color. There is no specific diet that has been shown to cause or cure vitiligo, but people with the condition may find that avoiding certain foods can help to reduce the appearance of skin.

Back to blog